following was posted to the AKITA-L list by Dr. Sophia Kaluzniacki, and is
reprinted with her permission
10 RULES OF ETHICAL BREEDING
1.. The only reason to be breeding purebred dogs is to preserve the best
qualities of the breed. Breeding to supply any market is not a justification.
2.. You need to do all of your breeding with the best interests of the
breed in mind. Never your pocket book.
3.. For this you need to be a serious student of the breed and devote years
of your life to it. No "in one day, out the other".
4.. As a beginner you need to engross yourself in the breed as much as
possible and ideally find a suitable mentor.
5.. In order to be a serious breeder, you must show and compete.
6.. You need to keep track of all puppies you produce, whether pet or show,
to know how your breeding program is working.
7.. All pet dogs need to go on a spay/neuter contract.
8.. All show puppies need to go on a contract that will not allow breeding
unless the dog lives up to the quality intended and passes all health checks
and certification necessary for that breed.
If a prospective breeder does not want to do this, then I am sorry but
they will have to mess with someone else's dogs not mine!!
Co-ownerships allow you a certain amount of control in this regard because
they require your signature in order that puppies be registered.
The latest news from the AKC is that there is a pending change to the rules
that will not allow registration unless all papers are properly signed.
If you have a difference with your co-owner it will need to be settled in
court before the AKC will register litters or puppies. This is new and still
pending, but a step in the right direction.
9.. Every breeder owes to the breed and to themselves to be involved with
10.. Every breeder should be prepared to take any dog back for whatever
reason. If they do not have the space, then they need to be prepared to
make other arrangements. But take back they must!
11.. In my ideal world one could not sell dogs.
They would only be able to be given as cherished gifts to deserving individuals.
This would eliminate the whole pet mill and back-yard breeding industry
as they could not make any money. Of course since this world is not the
way I envision it as regards dogs, we have to work within the system.
So I do charge for puppies and I charge what I think is fair for the time
and effort I have put into it.
It is certainly not enough to cover all of the expenses. If someone cannot
or will not pay my price then let them go somewhere else or take on a rescue.
There is nothing wrong with paying a lower price and certainly very noble
~ ~ Dr. Sophia Kaluzniacki
Questions to first ask yourself to see if you ARE ready for that new puppy:
Are you ready to:
_____1. Take full responsibility for this dog and all its requirements
for the next 12+ years.....this is not something that you can leave with
_____2. Take the time and patience to train your dog to be a good canine
companion. He or she will not learn this all on it's own.
_____3. Not allow the dog run loose, ride in the back of a open pick-up
truck or be tied up as a form of confinement.....but to keep the dog safe
at all times.
_____4. Make the time to provide enough attention and exercise for the
dog through out it's lifetime, even puppies will require this each day.
_____5. Live with shedding, dirty or wet paws, etc., for the next 13+ years.
Dalmatians in general are very active dogs into their middle years and can
be active up to age 12 and past that!
_____6. Spend the money required to provide the proper dietary needs and
veterinary care, which would include not only routine vaccinations, but
also heartworm preventative, wormings, flea treatment, annual check up,
teeth cleaning and spaying or neutering.
_____7. Become educated on the proper care, grooming and training of the
_____8. Keep in touch with the breeder, and to up date them on all accomplishments
and problems you may encounter. To contact your breeder or other professionals
on problems before any problems are out of hand.
_____9. Have the patience to enjoy, accept, and endure the trials of puppy
hood. A Dalmatian puppy hood can last for 3 years or more. :-)
_____10. Accept responsibility throughout this dogs life despite life changes
such as new babies, kids leaving for school, divorce, illness, moving or
returning to work.
_____11. Take the time to find the right puppy from a responsible breeder
(though it may take more time) rather than buy on impulse.
_____12. Lastly is everyone in the family wanting a new dog?
Who will take care of the dog?
A lot of people who have children at home decide to get a dog so the child
can have a pet and learn responsibility (or whatever). Remember that no
matter how responsible your child is, you will probably end up taking care
of this dog, and the breeder is trying to make sure that things work out.
you intend to breed/show/train?
If you are not intending to show or train this dog, you will probably be
sold a puppy on the condition that you spay or neuter it.
If you are going to show, the breeder is a fabulous source of information
and can get you pointed in the right direction. If local, the breeder or
stud owner may help you show your dog.
The breeder will also assess your ability to train and control the dog,
and your commitment to do so.
you have children?
Some breeds are fabulous with children, others horrid. That's a pretty
blanket statement, but the breeder can help you determine if the puppy you
have chosen will fit in with the children that you have.
If you have very young children, breeders may dissuade you from some breeds
until the kids are older and more able to handle the puppy properly. This
applies to both very large, pushy breeds that can dominate a child, a medium
dog that can knock a child over with its big tail, to tiny toy breeds that
can be harmed by too rough play with toddlers or may snap and nip.
is your experience with this breed? What are your expectations?
Each breed has it's quirks, and the breeder is trying to determine if you
have any idea what you're getting in to. Too many people pick the breed
from a book, not knowing that sporting dogs need plenty of exercise or that
Border Collies or Sheltland Sheepdogs will herd anything, including their
family, or that the fuzzy Newfoundland puppy will be huge and will drool.
In asking what your expectations are, the breeder can get a good feel for
whether you and the dog you choose are going to be compatible. They are
trying to prevent you from getting a dog that you cannot live with.
Again, the breeder is trying to see if you are a good fit for the particular
characteristics of the breed.
you had dogs before? What happened to them?
A breeder is looking for your level of experience with dogs, and whether
you are a responsible pet owner. A breeder wants to know if you are willing
to spend the time socializing and training a new puppy or dog. Experience
with the breed you are inquiring about is a bonus!
Also, if you have dogs already in your household, the breeder is making
sure you understand the dynamics of a multi-dog household and are prepared
to add another dog to your family.
Don't expect a breeder to sell a puppy to you if your last two dogs were
hit by cars or you gave them up to the pound for behavior problems.
is your living arrangment?
Some dogs make lousy apartment dwellers, others can live happily in a small
studio the size of an elevator. Other dogs need lots of exercise and someplace
to run, necessitating a fenced yard.
Is the puppy going to be left alone for long periods? Where will the puppy
be kept ?
This puppy is going to be hard to housebreak and can become destructive
in its boredom. Is the puppy going to be stuck in a crate for 9 hours? Will
there be a safe yard and protection from the weather? Can arrangements be
made for a pet sitter, a neighbor or family ember to make visits, or doggie
day care ? Can the owner go home for lunch?
Many breeders require that you have a fenced yard.
A tall fence or a privacy fence may not be unreasonable for large dogs
or need lots of exercise and cannot be tied up. A dog with a history of
jumping a fence may need a tall wooden fence.
A note on tying your dog - many, many breeders will not sell you a puppy
if your method of restraining the dog is to tie it in your yard on a chain
Breeders will want to know if you intend this to be an inside or outside
dog, many will not consider selling to you if you intend on keeping the
Dogs are pack animals and need human interaction to be happy so allowing
your dog to be a part of the family is a must and that means the dog needs
to be indoors.
do breeders want to know you ask?
A good breeder is trying to find the best homes for the puppies, and may
ask some occassionally strange questions regarding your home life and situation
before letting you have one of their precious puppies.
They want to know that you know what you're doing, that you can train and
take care of the puppy, that you are going to be a responsible, intelligent
owner. They are the experts here - and they will evaluate you as carefully
as you evaluate them.
These are all things that the breeder has to evaluate before deciding to
sell you a puppy.
I am a breeder. I take this responsibility
Those of us who create life through the breeding of dogs are the protectors
of those animals we have produced
We are responsible for them as they would not exist if not for us. Our
responsibility to them does not end when they are purchased. We, as the
breeder, should be one of the owners biggest resources for support and assistance.
Should any of our puppies have the love, a place to live, or for any reason,
it is our duty to bring them home.
We are also the watchdogs of our breed. It is a breeders responsibility
to strive to produce long-lived, healthy dogs with the physical and mental
ability to do the job for which they were bred.
And, most of all, the dogs we produce MUST be able to live with people,
as companions and friends. They are, after all, man's best friend".
To that end....
Hollytree Dalmatians strives to achieve the highest quality Dalmatian
in each and every litter with regard to: temperament, health, intelligence,
physical ability and conformation, regardless if the dalmatian is to compete
in the breed ring, the obedience or agility ring, fly ball, tracking, road
trials, or any other performance event, while maintaining breed characteristics.
Hollytree Dalmatians breeds only temperamentally sound and physically
mature dogs, preferably those who have attained a
championship in either the breed ring and any number of performance titles.
We also encourage testing for genetic conditions such as hip dysplasia,
hypothyroidism, and eye disorders.
Hollytree Dalmatians has each puppy examined by a vet prior to them being
offered for sale. We also provide all appropriate documentation with each
puppy, such as vaccination record, deworming schedule, health certificate,
registration papers, BAER testing, and microchipping, etc.
Hollytree Dalmatians urges people with pet puppies to voluntarily spay
/ neuter their pets, after they reach physical maturity, after the age of
14 months. Recent veterinary studies related to early neutering indicate
the potential of an increase in specific health issues, which include, but
are not limited to: bone cancer, incontinence, and tendon & ligament
injuries in performance dogs. Pet pups are placed with an AKC Limited Registration.
Hollytree Dalmatian buyers become part of our extended family and I stay
in touch with them to make sure that everything is working out well with
their dalmatian. This also enables us to help the owners with any problems
they may be having and it also allows us to keep tabs on the conformation,
health, and temperament of our pups as they mature. We gladly disclose any
issues in my Dalmatians to potential buyers and other breeders.
Hollytree Dalmatians requires that any dog of our breeding is returned
to me, if it cannot be kept for ANY reason. This requirement is NON-NEGOTIABLE.
WHAT DO BREEDERS WANT TO KNOW?